Abhyanga
An ayurvedic oil massage practised by two medics who massage to let go the warm oil into the tissues of the entire body. This facilitates the removal of Kapha, Vata and Pitta doshas and toxins (Ama) as well.

Adhobhakta
Taking medicine after meals. This is to cure the imbalance of vyaan vayu.

Agada tantra
This is related to Toxicology, a branch of Ayurveda that deals with poisons.

Agantuka
A stranger.

Ahamkara
Better known as ego.

Ajirna
Indigestion

Akasa
Ether or sky

Akriti
Appearance or shape

Alocaka (Pitta)
Pitta that governs the vision.

Amavata
A disease caused by ama and vata, like arthritis.

Amla
Sour taste.

Anjana
Black pigment applied in eyes.

Anuvasana (Basti)
Enema that is given with an oily substance.

Apa
The element water.

Apana
One of the vatas, which goes downward such as urine, menstrual blood etc.

Aparadha
Sin or offence

Apara-ojas
Inferior of the two types of vital fluid (ojas) present in the body.

Arsha
Sacred and pious

Asana – Yogasana
Posture or position

Asatmya
Bad or improper.

Ashtanga Ayurveda:
The eight branches of Ayurveda

Astanga Hrdya
An ancient Ayurvedic text written by Vagabhatta

Agni
Agni is the form of fire and heat that is related to the digestive system and release of energy.

Ahara rasa
It is the nutrient substance that enzymes act upon in the digestive tract.

Artha
It relates to meaning and the essence of a thought.

Asthi
Bone tissues that supports the body by giving it shape, protection and longevity.

Atman
The true self that governs the consciousness.

Atreya
The author of Charaka Samhita.

Aum
Aum represents the inner, outer and the super conscious stages of consciousness.

Aushadha:
Medicine

Avagaha sveda;
Sitz bath. Herbs are boiled in water before use.

Avyakta
indistinct or not evident

Ayurveda
Constituted of two words, Ayur (life) and Veda (knowledge).

 

Bala A Sanskrit word that means strength.

Balya An energiser that strengthens the body.

Bhrajaka A type of Pitta that makes the skin shiny.

Bhutagni The enzyme that helps in digestion process.

Bhuta-vidya Demonology, the branch of science concerned with evil spirits.

Bhakti Devotion and worship of the almighty.

Basti Enema therapy of panchkarma. It relieves constipation and chronic fever.

Bodhaka One of the five subtypes of taste located at tongue root which enables perception of taste.

Brahma God in Hindu mythology, who is considered to be the creator of the universe and mankind.

Bruhaniya Herbs that promote growth.

Buddhi Intellect, intelligence and wisdom

Brahmacharya State of continence followed during student life while studying Vedas.

Brahma-muhurta Two hours of time period before sunrise.

 

Carminative natural ayurvedic herbs that cure intestinal gas and pain.

Caksu Ayurvedic herbs considered good for eyes.

Chakra Energy centers in the body, related to the nerve plexus center.

Churna Sanskrit word for powder.

Consciousness State of awareness through emotions, thoughts and sensations.

Cure State of being remedied from illness.

Cikitsa Science of medicine; therapy to cure illness.

Citraka Mula A herb that improves digestive power.

Citrakadi vati– An ayurvedic medicine that consists citrak as the primary ingredient.