Globally, thyroid issues are the most common endocrine dysfunctions. Most of the patients that are suffering from thyroid disorders are end up having either hypo or hyper function of the gland.
According to the report by WHO in 1999, 1 to 2% of the population is known to suffer from thyroid disorders, about 1.5 billion people in more than 110 countries are currently undertaking treatment for thyroid disorders.
WHO indicates around 200million people are suffering from thyroid goitre, although the most of them are small and subclinical.
Thyroid gland is very important and crucial gland for the day to day bodily functions; it is a vital organ of the endocrine system. It maintains the metabolic functions like respiration, heart rate, digestion, neuronal and reproduction.
Thyroid abnormalities are well explained in the classical texts of Ayurveda. It is denoted as “GALAGANDA”, which mainly explains as swelling around the neck with symptoms mostly related to hypothyroidism.
Thyroid gland in located in the neck area, on the top of trachea (wind pipe) and below larynx. It mainly synthesizes and secretes T3 and T4 (Triiodothyronine and Thyroxin). Predominantly both the hormones are iodine containing hormones, so we need to consume sufficient amount of Iodine to help to maintain the proper balance of the thyroid metabolism.