Three doshas are the bio humors which will maintain the regular day to day functions of body. VATA, PITTA and KAPHA are three doshas.


  • The true translation for the word VATA is AIR, the properties are dry, cold, light, penetration, mobile, transparent and rough.
  • Vata is responsible for all the various kinds of movement in the body such as rapidness, speed and odour.
  • The location will be the entire body, predominantly places for VATA are (Below the naval) colon, lower back, calf muscles, ear, bones and joints.
  • Most of the nervous system is dominated by VATA.
  • Vata controls the respiration, blood and lymphatic flow, excretory elimination, digestion and reproduction.
  • It is responsible for cognitive and neocognitive functions of the brain.
  • Secretion of various hormones and neurotransmitters and their function.
  • It controls other two doshas pitta and Kapaha in order to fulfill the other regular bodily functions.
  • It’s been sub classified in to five different types: PRANA, APANA, VYANA, UDANA and SAMANA

Prana Vata

  • Location: Nervous System (CNS)
  • Function: Controls the action other sub types

Apana Vata

  • Location: Below the naval (Lumbar- sacral, gluteal, urinary organs)
  • Function: Regulates the discharge of seminal fluid, menstrual blood, urine, feces and helps in child birth.

Vyana Vata

  • Location: The Heart and ANS (Autonomic Nervous System)
  • Function: contraction and relation of muscles, blood and lymph circulation, sweating and neurotransmitters.

Udana Vata

  • Location: The chest (From nasopharynx to umbilicus) and naval area
  • Function: Controls speech, respiration, energy, body luster, consciousness and the influences particular centers in Brain

Samana Vata

  • Location: The entire abdomen (Digestive System)
  • Function: Digestion and assimilation of food, as well as excretion of waste products.

Causes for Vata disturbance

Over working, grief, worry, lack of proper sleep, deliberately controlling natural urges, excess physical activity and sexual activity, indigestion, excess intake off bitter, pungent, and astringent foods and dry foods.

Symptoms of Deranged Vata

Continues shaking of limbs, pain, throbbing suppression of secretions, contraction of muscles, spasms, dryness and roughness in the skin, degenerative conditions, constipation or lack of irregular bowel movements, and having severe astringent taste in the mouth.

By Dr Kumar CRS BAMS (Gold Medallist), MPH, MHP, Consultant Ayurvedic Physician and Panchakarma Specialist Jeeva Health PTY LTD