Ayurveda has a history dating back over 5000 years and can be translated from Sanskrit as Knowledge of Life (Ayus means life; Veda means Knowledge). Its aim is the harmonious union of body, mind, senses, and soul. Their balance holds life and their imbalance destroys it. With its profound philosophical background and comprehensive understanding of life, Ayurveda is based on the concept that man is a microcosm of the universe and that our bodies are made up of five essential elements: space, air, fire, water, and earth. These same elements make up the universe in varying combinations and are responsible for the biological processes of the living organism.
Each person is made up from a unique combination of these elements, which are governed in the body by three fundamental biological forces (doshas): Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These three doshas Vata, Pitta, and Kapha sustain life in the normal state but produce disease when they are aggravated or imbalanced. Therefore, the key to optimum health is to create the balance of doshas according to the individual’s unique constitution. Everybody is a combination of dosha-types (for example, vata-pitta type or pitta-kapha type), with one “type” being dominant. Few people have nearly equal proportions of all three doshas. Your particular combination gives you a unique prakruti (or nature) from birth.