Ayurveda has a history dating back over 5000 years and can be translated from Sanskrit as Knowledge of Life (Ayus means life; Veda means Knowledge). Its aim is the harmonious union of body, mind, senses, and soul. Their balance holds life and their imbalance destroys it. With its profound philosophical background and comprehensive understanding of life, Ayurveda is based on the concept that man is a microcosm of the universe and that our bodies are made up of five essential elements: space, air, fire, water, and earth. These same elements make up the universe in varying combinations and are responsible for the biological processes of the living organism.

Each person is made up from a unique combination of these elements, which are governed in the body by three fundamental biological forces (doshas): Vata, Pitta and Kapha. These three doshas Vata, Pitta, and Kapha sustain life in the normal state but produce disease when they are aggravated or imbalanced. Therefore, the key to optimum health is to create the balance of doshas according to the individual’s unique constitution. Everybody is a combination of dosha-types (for example, vata-pitta type or pitta-kapha type), with one “type” being dominant. Few people have nearly equal proportions of all three doshas. Your particular combination gives you a unique prakruti (or nature) from birth.

Ayurveda Massage

Concepts of Ayurveda: Ayurvedic Medicine & Treatment

The concept of Ayurveda is not just a medical treatment or diagnosis of a disease condition but much more than that. Ayurveda is having a set of practical, simple guidelines for long life and good health, with the regular practice of these guiding principles you can bring your body and mind to perfect balance.

According to Ayurveda the human body is composed of four basic fundamentals dosha(Three humors), dhathu( seven basic tissues), mala (Waste products of metabolism) and agni (Digestive fire). One who is having an equilibrium of Dosha (Vata, pitta and Kapha), Agni (digestive fire or metabolic activity), Dhatu (Seven basic tissues), Mala (waste products) and pleasant Atma (consciousness), Indriya( Sense organs) and Manas ( Mind) is called as the healthy person. Disturbances to this equilibrium cause diseases.


Tridhosha concept (Theory of bio- humors)

All activities in the universe, as well as human, are grouped into three main basic functions, viz. creation, organization, and destruction. These functions are represented in-universe by three energies, i.e. moon or rain or principle of cohesion, sun or principle of thermogenesis and the wind or principle of propulsion.

Ether and air (Akasha and Vayu) combine to form Vata dosha, which is responsible for controlling destruction. Pitta is formed by the element of fire and a small amount of water. This is also called as the thermogenic principle, which is responsible for digestion and metabolism. Water and Earth combine to form biological water humor or kapha, which is responsible for new growth, strength, protection of all organs and maintaining the creation.

Ayurveda teaches that the balance of three subtle energies, known as Vata, Pitta and Kapha, maintains health. Kapha is responsible for strength and immunity. It also provides the basic substratum to all the tissues of the body. Biological fire humor or Pitta is responsible for digestion and metabolism and biological air humor or vata is responsible for all the movements- gross and subtle in the body.